Substance information

Ingredient on the basis of coconut oil (cocos nucifera oil). This ingredient contains methylpropanediol (2-methyl-1,3-propandiol) as alcoholic component. "Propanediol" refers to 1,3-propanediol as alcoholic component of this ingredient. "Ester" or "esters" refers to an esterification product (condensation product of alcohol and acid) or a trans-esterification product obtained through direct reaction of fats (mostly triglycerides) with alcohols.

Function(s) of this ingredient in cosmetic products


Supports emulsion formation and improves product stability


Leaves the hair easy to comb, supple, soft and shiny and / or imparts volume


Maintains the skin in good condition


Softens and smoothens the skin



Background information on use in cosmetics

Coconut oil (INCI: cocos nucifera (coconut) oil) is obtained from the pulp of the coconut. Since coconut oil is solid at ambient temperature, it is frequently also referred to as coconut fat. Coconut oil contains many substances which make it particularly suited as a natural moisturiser in skincare. Because of its high share of unsaturated fatty acids, it is particularly well suited for dry skin. Moreover, it contains Vitamin E, an antioxidant which supports the skin in its fight against premature skin ageing. Furthermore, coconut oil also contains lauric acid which has antimicrobial properties. Hair, too, can benefit from coconut oil since it ensures even more gloss and calms a sensitive scalp. Based on these many skin and hair caring properties, coconut oil is used both as a pure oil and also as an active ingredient in many cosmetic products such as facial creams, body lotions or shampoos. Moreover, coconut oil is (like for instance also palm kernel oil) an important natural raw material for the production of other oleochemical products which are likewise broadly used as cosmetic ingredients.

Belongs to the following substance groups

Understanding your cosmetics

How are cosmetics kept safe in Europe?

Strict laws make sure that cosmetics and personal care products sold in the European Union are safe for people to use. Companies, national and European regulatory authorities share the responsibility of keeping cosmetic products safe.

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What should I know about endocrine disruptors?

Some ingredients used in cosmetic products have been claimed to be ‘endocrine disruptors’ because they have the potential to mimic some of the properties of our hormones. Just because something has the potential to mimic a hormone does not mean it will disrupt our endocrine system. Many substances, including natural ones, mimic hormones but very few, and these are mostly potent medicines, have ever been shown to cause disruption of the endocrine system. The rigorous product safety assessments by qualified, scientific experts that companies are legally obliged to carry out cover all potential risks, including potential endocrine disruption.

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Are cosmetics tested on animals? No!

In the European Union, testing cosmetics on animals has been fully banned since 2013. Over the last 30 years, long before a ban was in place, the cosmetics and personal care industry has invested in research and development to pioneer alternatives to animal testing tools to assess the safety of cosmetics ingredients and products.

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What about allergens in cosmetics?

Many substances, natural or man-made, have the potential to cause an allergic reaction. An allergic reaction occurs when a person’s immune system reacts to substances that are harmless to most people. A substance that causes an allergic reaction is called an allergen. Cosmetics and personal care products may contain ingredients that can be allergenic for some people. This does not mean that the product is not safe for others to use.

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Cosmetics matter to people and play an important role in our everyday life. On average European consumers use over seven different cosmetics daily. You too? It’s only natural that you want to know more about the ingredients in those products.

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